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OTTOMAN CARPET, NICHE OR PRAYER CARPET

cat. no. 6
Istanbul or Bursa 2nd half 16th century
181 x 127 cm
Warp, weft silk
Knots wool, cotton (white and light blue), asymmetric
Knot count 5600
Inv. no. T 8327/1922 IP
mten osmanischen Reich reisen und arbeiten ließ.


The Ottoman carpet, almost perfect in preservation, has an arch in its field that is characteristic of the genre – a decorative element; or if the carpet was intended as a prayer carpet, the representation of a mosque prayer niche, the Mihrab. The decorative principle of the main border – strikingly expressive – also occurs in large-format Ottoman carpets, as does the random combination of patterns. Ottoman carpets with silk foundation are dated to the second half of the 16th century, created after the so-called Saz style in illumination and ceramics had reached its highpoint. Sources record that there were court manufactories for knotted carpets in Istanbul; however, Bursa remains an option as the traditional silk-producing location. Although Muhrad III commissioned eleven carpet makers and all the necessary materials to be brought from Cairo to Istanbul in 1585, it only proves that artisans and their material were assigned to travel and work throughout the whole of the Ottoman Empire.
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