HERAT CARPET WITH COMPARTMENT DESIGN (CLAM GALLAS CARPET)
cat. no. 85
East Persia, Herat, late 16th century
540 x 273 cm
Weft, knots wool, asymmetric
Knot count 2900
Inv. no. T 9026/1941 acquired from the Clam Gallas family
The field of this compartment carpet is covered by a grid of quatrefoil and curved shield forms, on the basis of a quarter cartoon. The compartments with green and yellow ground show shade-in-shade effects that are otherwise special features of Indian carpets. Unfortunately, no complete carpet has survived with a field design that is directly parallel to the Vienna carpet. The compartment system can best be compared to that of the carpets on Timurid miniatures of the later 15th century; furthermore, the field is similar to the cartouche borders of certain scrolling-vine carpets without animals from Herat (cf. cat. no. 84), also the material and structure correspond. The stylistic comparison with this group supports a date for the compartment carpet in the late 16th century; however, the Northwest Persian compartment carpet in the Viennese collection (cat. no. 90) fundamentally differs in its coarser structure, cool color range and its pattern system with central medallion.